Cavities are a common dental health complication. They come with a lot of pain, discomfort, and swelling. When left untreated, it worsens, leaving the dentist with extraction as the only solution. The first step in getting a restoration for a cavity is knowing what type you have. Here are the three most types and the procedures experts use to resolve them.
A Hole in the Root
You will find this type on the surface of the root. It is common in older people because they have started developing gum problems. It is prevalent in people with receding gums because they expose a portion of the root system. The surface makes you susceptible to damage from acids, bacteria, and other causes of decay. An ideal way to handle decay is through root cavity solutions. The dentist accesses the root and removes all decayed tissue. After removing the tissue, they put fillings in the gap. They might also consider installing a crown to seal the ruined part and stop the damage.
A Fissure at the Top
These are common in the last molars at the back of the mouth. They occur because this is the part of the mouth where cavities are most likely to develop. You will most likely get pit and crack cavities when you do not put much effort into your dental hygiene. The dentist might use sealants to protect your teeth from cavities once they suspect that you could be developing them. Other dentists will recommend treatment options that involve the use of fluoride. If the damage is extensive, they will perform a root canal treatment and restore it from decay.
Damage on the Side
It is also common for a cavity to form on a smooth surface. These cavities affect the flat exterior part of the teeth and are common in places where you have missing tooth gaps. Poor dental hygiene is a leading cause of these cavities. The dentist resolves them with gels and fluoride treatments. They might also use a root canal process when the damage is past the dentin.
The ideal way to handle cavities is by speaking to a dentist about them immediately after you notice the damage. They will help perform X-rays and determine how much damage your tooth has suffered. They are also the ideal people to help restore the tooth to a healthy condition and to maintain your appearance.
For more information, contact a local dentist.